Common Types of STDs
Three of the most prevalent STDs are:
Chlamydia: Most common bacterial sexually transmitted disease. Spread from vaginal, anal and oral sex. Most men and women have no symptoms. When people with Chlamydia do have symptoms, they may include pain when urinating or a discharge coming from the penis or vagina. In women, if left untreated, it can lead to PID (pelvic inflammatory disease) up to 40% of the time. PID can cause chronic pelvic pain, infertility and possibly fatal ectopic (tubal) pregnancy.
Gonorrhea: Second most common bacterial sexually transmitted disease. Spread from vaginal, anal and oral sex in men and women. An estimated 700,000 people in the United States are infected each year. Most women do not have symptoms. In men, it causes a burning sensation while urinating and penile discharge. It is another common cause of PID in women. Without treatment, gonorrhea can spread to the blood or joints and become life-threatening.
Syphillis: Spread through contact with a syphilis sore mainly from vaginal, oral or anal sex. It progresses without treatment in three stages starting with a painless sore, progressing to flue like symptoms. The last stage has no symptoms but can cause paralysis, numbness, gradual blindness, dementia and death. Babies can be infected from their mothers during pregnancy.
For information regarding other STDs, click here.